Kuzelga [C] Deportees graveyard | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Kuzelga [C] Deportees graveyard



Date of burial
Show Map
Republic of Bashkortostan, Mezhgore, Kuzelga sub-district
Access in a populated area
Public transport
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Deportees’ graveyard
Current use
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Фотография 2010 года. Источник: http://op-rb.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=275:2013-10-31-05-07-24&catid=1:latest-news
Фотография 2010 года. Источник: http://op-rb.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=275:2013-10-31-05-07-24&catid=1:latest-news

The settlement of Kuzelga in the Beloretsky district was founded in 1930 by “special settlers”, dekulakized peasant families deported from other areas during the forced collectivisation of agriculture. In this case, as “3rd category kulaks”, they were moved from other parts of the Bashkir ASSR. Those who died there were buried in individual graves in the cemetery on the outskirts of the settlement. The exact numbers are not known.

On 30 October 2013, thanks to the activities of a long-standing inhabitant of Kuzelga, R.Yu. Gubaidullin, and with the support of the town administration and a local construction firm, a monument was opened in memory of the forced settlers.

Books of Remembrance

A Book in Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repression in the Bashkortostan Republic (7 vols, 1997-2011) contains over 50,000 biographical entries: for those shot (6,014), mainly but not exclusively during the Terror; the 25,846 sent to the camps in 1930-1933 (11,891) and in 1937-1938 (8,220); 7,649 who were exiled as “dekulakized” peasant families in 1930 and 1931; and a large number who were arrested but not convicted (5,222). These totals were calculated from Memorial’s online database.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
30 Oct.
Solemn ceremonies on Remembrance Day for the Victims of Political Repression
Mezhgorye town administration
town administration, residents of Mezhgorye, relatives of settlers, schoolchildren
Annual event
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundariesOther sites in same area
Individual grave-markers have survived
not defined
not delineated
Memorial to the Victims of Political Repression (1989), Sermenevo village
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Mezhgorye town administration. Cared for by veterans and inhabitants of Mezhgorye and Kuzelga.
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

P. Bikbayev, “Gulag special settlement in Bashkiriya”, Sovetskaya Bashkiriya, 20 April 1990

“A memorial has opened in Mezhgorye to the prisoners of the Kuz-Elga special settlement”, website of Bashkortostan’s public chamber, 30 October 2013

Reply by the Beloretsky district administration, dated 13 August 2014, to a formal enquiry from RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)