Maima [C]* "Park of the Victims of Political Repression" | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Maima [C]* "Park of the Victims of Political Repression"



Date of burial
Show Map
Altai Republic, Maiminsky district, Maima, Angarskaya Street
Access in a populated area
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Secret interment of executed
Current use
Cultural and/or educational purposes
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Фотография 2011 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»
Фотография 2011 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»

During the years of Soviet terror those condemned to death for political offences were shot in the village of Maima (now within Gorno-Altaisk city limits) not far from the Shuisky Highway, and their bodies buried in the village graveyard. According to local researchers, in the 1930s-1950s more than 700 local inhabitants of the Maiminsky district were arrested and over two hundred of them were executed.

The old cemetery has existed since 1810 and was closed in 1962. Thereafter, no one took care of the cemetery; cattle grazed there and then houses were built all around, encroaching on the territory of the old cemetery.

V.P. Shiyan of the town Memorial Society proposed that a monument be erected to the victims of political repression. Early in 2005 meetings were held in local villages and that year a national grant was received to mark the 60th anniversary of Victory in the War (1941-1945). The public were involved and the idea then extended to the suggestion of a Park. The “Russian Party of Life” gathered two million roubles towards the cost and contributions were also made by private individuals including the inhabitants of Maima, and by a number of other organisations. Work began on the park in July 2005 (its designers were A.S. Karamshin and G.V. Dureyev) and the project received wide coverage on the Altai Republic’s TV channels. Officials, villagers and the relatives and families of the victims were all in attendance at the official opening.

The names of more than 200 inhabitants of Maima from Books of Remembrance were engraved on granite pillars and the central part bears plaques inscribed with the words, “In memory of the victims of political repression in the Maima district”, “May we never forget, and be forced to relive this past”. A monument to inhabitants of Maima who have died in wars since 1945 also forms part of the memorial, as does an Orthodox chapel of the Assumption, consecrated in 2006. It was then that trees were planted around the perimeter of the square (which is 1.43 hectares in area).

Books of Remembrance

A Book in Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repression, Gorno-Altaisk (3 vols. 1996-2003) contains 6,200 biographical entries of those shot or sent to the camps.

The Memorial online database names 1,929 who were shot in the Altai Republic, 1,525 of them during the Great Terror.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
30 Oct.
Remembrance Day for the Victims of Political Repression (rally)
district administration
Villagers, relatives of the victims, NGOs, local officials
annual event
Easter Day
religious ceremony
annual event
22 June
Outbreak of Great Patriotic [Nazi-Soviet] War
district administration
Villagers, relatives of the victims, NGOs, local officials
from time to time
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Not preserved
Not defined
Not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Maiminsky rural settlement. Schoolchildren from Maima School No 1 help care for the park.
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

V.P. Shiyan and T.V. Kulbeda, 30 October: An Almanac in Memory of the Victims of Political Repression, Issue 1, Maima 2007; Issue 2, Maima, 2011

Materials of an expedition to the Altai Republic (2011) by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)

“Park in Memory of the Victims of Political Repression in Maima village”, Virtual Museum of the Gulag [partially retrieved, 4 June 2022]

Reply by the Maiminsky district administration (no date) to a formal enquiry of 19 February 2014 from RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)