SYKTYVKAR Nizhny Chov district [C]* Execution & burial site | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

SYKTYVKAR Nizhny Chov district [C]* Execution & burial site

Card

№11-01

Date of burial
1932-1942
Show Map
Address
Republic of Komi, Syktyvkar, Nizhny Chov urban district
Access in a populated area
Public transport
Private or specialised transport
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Unrestricted
Type of burial
Secret interment of executed
Current use
Cultural and/or educational purposes
Excursions
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Yes
Protected status
Not protected
Источник: http://syktyvkar.blagochin.ru/khramy_blagochinija/view/id/1166649
Источник: http://syktyvkar.blagochin.ru/khramy_blagochinija/view/id/1166649
Background

In 1932-1942, those shot in Syktyvkar before, during and after the Great Terror were buried in a forested area on the outskirts of the city, near the Nizhny Chov suburb (next to the Syktyvkar-Yezhva Highway). In the 1970s there was a gravel quarry there. Its workers testified that they repeatedly came across human remains when they were excavating there. Now the burial area is covered with bushes and young mixed forest. Because of the frequent road accidents nearby, the place has been nicknamed the “Valley of Death”, its fatal reputation popularly linked to the burials of those executed in the Soviet period.

In 2001, a wooden memorial cross was erected with a text on its headboard: “This cross, erected in a place of mass repression in the 1930s, is dedicated to the memory of the innocent slain”. The cross was consecrated by Bishop Pitirim of Syktyvkar and Vorkuta. In October 2011, a symbolic cupola was built over the cross. In 2013, a memorial to the Warriors of the Komi-Zyransk Region was placed next to the chapel.

Books of Remembrance

Repentance: the Komi Republic Martyrology of the Victims of Mass Political Repression (11 vols. 1998-2016), includes biographical entries on about 60,000 shot or sent to the camps.

The Memorial online database (2021) lists 2,362 who were shot in Komi during the Great Terror; most were prisoners from Ukhtpechlag.

Ceremonies
DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
24-26 Aug.
Religious procession in memory of all priests, monks, nuns and parishioners, "Slain Innocents" who suffered for their belief in Christ
Father Alexander (Nikitenko), incumbent of the Church of the Nativity in Nizhny Chov
Priests and parishioners
Yearly since 2012
30 Oct.
Remembrance Day for the Victims of Political Repression
nk
Public, Association of Victims of Political Repression
From time to time
nk
Commemorative masses, Excursions
nk
nk
From time to time
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Have not survived
not established
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Syktyvkar City Administration
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

Rogachev, M.B., “Syktyvkar: Remembering the Terror” (manuscript), Syktyvkar, 2009

“A memorial chapel to those innocent victims, who perished during the years of repression”, website of the Syktyvkar / Yezhva diocese

“Believers have honoured the memory of the victims of political repression in Syktyvkar’s Valley of Death”, BNK Information Agency, 30 September 2011

Reply from the Komi Republic Ministry of Culture (No 06-17-1230 of 30 April 2014) to a formal enquiry by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)

11-01