Inta [C]* east Intalag burial ground | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Inta [C]* east Intalag burial ground

Card

№11-21

Date of burial
mid-1940 to 1950s
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Address
Komi Republic, Inta municipal district, Inta, Vostochnaya Street
Access in a populated area
Public transport
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Unrestricted
Type of burial
Camp (prison) burial ground
Current use
Cultural and/or educational purposes
Excursions
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Yes
Protected status
Not protected
Фотофиксация 2007 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»
Фотофиксация 2007 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»
Background

The east burial ground of Intalag arose in the mid-1940s next to camp outpost No. 2 and was located 1.5 kms away. The prisoners were buried in individual graves marked by posts bearing numbers. From the late 1950s to the mid-1960s this was part of the city cemetery where the inhabitants of Inta, including exiles, were buried. Common graves of miners who died in accidents were to be found here.

In 1956 imprisoned Latvians erected a memorial to their deceased compatriots before returning to Latvia. The memorial “Dzimtenei” (Motherland) was designed by the sculptor Edvards Sidrabs, then still a prisoner, and the former prisoner Adolf Puntulis, who was then in “perpetual exile” in the town. The work was done in secret; the memorial was created from concrete sections and erected in the course of a single night. It was unveiled on 29 July 1956 before an audience of almost 200, consecrated by Latvian priest, to the singing of the Latvian national anthem. In 1962 the cemetery was closed and abandoned.

In 1989 an action group from the Vostochnaya (eastern) mine cleared and tidied the burial ground and restored the surviving monuments. On 18 August 1990 the “Rupintojelis” (lamenting Christ) memorial was erected by the Vilnius Society of Political Exiles: it was consecrated by Bishop Kazimir Vasilauskas, a former Intalag prisoner. The sculptor was Jonas Judisus, son of brigadier-general I. Judisus who died in captivity in Abez. The inscription, in the Lithuanian, Komi and Russian languages, reads:

“To Those Who did Not Return” (Ne csižusįems / Тiянлы, кодъяс эз воны бöр / «Не вернувшимся» Lietuva)

Ceremonies
DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
30 October
Secular memorial service on Remembrance Day for the Victims of Political Repression
Inta town administration, Inta Museum
Inta town officials, Inta Museum staff, local Ukrainian and Lithuanian societies, relatives of the victims, town-dwellers, schoolchildren
Annual event
nk
Commemorative masses
nk
nk
From time to time
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundariesOther sites in same area
Posts bearing prisoners numbers have disappeared; grave-markers of deportees have partially survived
1.2 hectares
Cemetery is fenced in; historic boundaries have been preserved
The “Dzimtenei” monument is an artefact of cultural heritage
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Inta municipal district. The site is cared for and maintained by the city administration, the Inta museum and the Inta Memorial Society.
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

Archive of the Inta museum of history and local studies

Reply No 06-17-1230 (dated 30 April 2014) from the Komi Republic Ministry of Culture to a formal enquiry by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)

P.O. Bursian, My Inta: pages from the history of Inta, Inta, 1994

N. Lukyanova, “The transformation of a commemorative site”, Iskra (Inta), 27 July 2011

 

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