Adak (c)* camp brickworks burial ground | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Adak (c)* camp brickworks burial ground



Date of burial
Show Map
Komi Republic, Inta urban district, Adak settlement (non-existent)
Access outside a populated area
Private or specialised transport
Accessible by river. On right bank of Usa River 500 metres upstream from Adak, on a sandy clearing in the forest
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Camp (prison) burial ground
Current use
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Фотография 2000 года. Предоставлена Интинским краеведческим музеем
Фотография 2000 года. Предоставлена Интинским краеведческим музеем

In the 1930s and 1940s there was a brickworks at the Adak camp outpost  (part of Ukhtpechlag and later camps). Prisoners who worked there were housed in barracks nearby. Those who died were buried in a separate location, half a kilometre from the village. Members of the camp administration and, in the 1950s, Adak villagers were also buried there. The graves of the prisoners and free workers were close together. The burial ground was used until the late 1950s. Today it is abandoned.             

The number of prisoners buried there is unknown and lists of names are not available. In June 2000 an expedition from the Inta district museum of history and local studies, led by V.A. Aduyeva and N.A. Baranov, erected a commemorative cross on the site. It bears the inscription, “To those who did not return”.

Books of Remembrance

Information about some deceased Gulag inmates can be found in Memorial’s Victims of Political Terror database with its 3 million entries, or in the Open List database (“Victims of Political Repression in the USSR, 1917-1991”).

Repentance: the Komi Republic Martyrology of the Victims of Mass Political Repression (11 vols. 1998-2016), includes biographical entries on 52,785 who were sent to the camps in Komi, of whom 10,364 are listed as having died there. As the Memorial online database (2021) shows, the region’s Book of Remembrance does not specify where they died or were buried.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
Civil rites and Commemorative Services
From time to time
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Subsidence over burials; several grave-markers have survived
400 sq m
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Inta urban district administration
Sources and bibliography

[ Original texts & hyperlinks ]

P. Kotov, “Facing Adak”, Iskra (Inta), 3 August 1991, No 18 (23)

Report on the 2001 expedition by the Inta local history museum to uncover mass burials of the camp outposts along the Usa river – Pokayanie Fund archive (Syktyvkar)

V.Ya. Rubanovich, Address – Adak camp outpost, Moscow: Vozvrashchenie, 2011 (312 pp)


Reply from the Inta urban district administration, № 09/8359 of 25 June 2014, to a formal enquiry by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)