Bykovsky village* Forced labourers & settlers graves | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Bykovsky village* Forced labourers & settlers graves



Date of burial
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Sakha Republic, Bulunsky district, Bykovsky village
Access in a populated area
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Deportees’ graveyard
Current use
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Фотография 2012 года. Источник:
Фотография 2012 года. Источник:

In 1942-1947, forced settlers from the Leningrad Region (mainly Finns), and deported Lithuanians were sent to Bykovsky Mys. There was high mortality among the deportees in 1942 and 1943. A plot for a graveyard was selected on the seaward side of the settlement, and cracks in the permafrost were used for graves. In the second half of the 1940s the fishery closed, the settlers dispersed and the graveyard was abandoned. The numbers buried there have not been established; a list of Lithuanian deportees has been published in Lithuania. Over time a considerable part of the graveyard was washed into the sea and a majority of the graves were lost.

In 1989, an expedition of former Lithuanian deportees visited the area and erected individual and collective commemorative signs in the cemetery. They also put up a memorial in the village with an inscription in four languages (Lithuanian, Russian, Yakut and Finnish) which reads: “Forcibly torn from their native land, fallen but not forgotten”.

Books of Remembrance

The List of Repressed Finns (18,000 names in Latin and Cyrillic scripts)

Research on the Genocide of the Lithuanian People (Lietuvos gyventoju Genocidas; 3 vols. 1999-2009) contains about 130,000 biographical entries (in Lithuanian). Vols. 1 & 2 cover the years from 1939 to 1947.

Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Some grave crosses have survived
not defined
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
The burials are on land under the control of Bykovsky village, Bulunsky district
Sources and bibliography

[ Original texts & hyperlinks ]

Lithuanians in the Arctic [Lietuviai Arktyje], compiled by Markauskas and J.R. Puodzius; The Brotherhood of the Laptev Sea Exiles, Kaunas, 2000 (112 pp; in English)

“Bykovsky village. Forced labourers and settlers graveyard”, Virtual Museum of the Gulag [retrieved, 26 May 2022]