Bolsheromanovka village [C]* Execution & burial site | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Bolsheromanovka village [C]* Execution & burial site



Date of burial
Show Map
Altai Krai, Tabunsky district, Bolsheromanovka village
Access outside a populated area
Private or specialised transport
On foot
2 kms from Bolsheromanovka village
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Secret interment of executed
Current use
Cultural and/or educational purposes
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Эскиз схемы расположения мест проведения расстрелов в 1937-1938 года на территории подсобного хозяйства УМВД Славгородского окротдела НКВД. Источник:
Эскиз схемы расположения мест проведения расстрелов в 1937-1938 года на территории подсобного хозяйства УМВД Славгородского окротдела НКВД. Источник:

In 1937-1938, as part of the Great Terror, the Slavgorod district section of the NKVD executed inhabitants of the Slavgorod, Nemetsky (German) and other neighbouring districts who had been sentenced to death by the extrajudicial troika. For this purpose they used land near Bolsheromanovka village that was under the control of the NKVD. The site of these executions was thoroughly concealed, and the area was fenced off and guarded. 644 people were shot there and buried in 14 common graves, the largest of which contained 210 bodies. These burials were scattered chaotically across the entire field. In the 1960s the field was ploughed up and sown with crops.

In July 1997, using archival documents a group of pupils from the Bolsheromanovka and Lebedinskaya schools investigated the area of the burials and erected a memorial to the victims of political repression. (They were led by N.V. Chaika, director of the Bolsheromanovka middle school.) The memorial took the form of six aluminium tubes, decreasing in height, that represent the six decades during which this terrible secret remained concealed. A marble plaque bears the inscription, “To the victims of political repression, in memory and in sorrow, 1937-1938”.

In 2001 the tubes were stolen in an act of vandalism. The memorial was restored in 2004.

Books of Remembrance

Victims of Political Repression in the Altai Krai (7 vols. 1998-2005) includes biographical entries on 46,200 individuals who were shot or sent to the camps between 1919 and 1965. The 5th edition of the Memorial online database “Victims of Political Terror in the USSR” names 16,222 individuals who were shot in the Altai Krai, 12,509 of them during the Great Terror.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
30 Oct.
Remembrance Day for the Victims of Political Repression
Bolsheromanovka local authority
Relatives of the victims, local officials, religious organisations, NGOs, schoolchildren
Annual event
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Have not survived
not established
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Bolsheromanovka village soviet, Tabunsky district. The museum of the village secondary school has informal responsibility for looking after the monument
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

A. Varkentin, Pages of Terror: Grishkovka and the surrounding area, Grishkovka, 2008

Ye. Zgoda, A Guide to the Village of Bolsheromanovka, Tabuny, 2008

“History, the 1920s and 1930s of the Soviet regime”, Official site of the Tabunsky district administration.