Mozharka colony [C]* Deportees graveyard | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Mozharka colony [C]* Deportees graveyard



Date of burial
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Krasnoyarsk Krai, Kuraginsky district, Ust-Mozharka settlement (uninhabited)
Access outside a populated area
Private or specialised transport
On foot
5 kms southwest of Tyukhtyat village, at mouth of Mozharka river
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Deportees’ graveyard
Current use
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Установка памятного креста. Фотография 2012 года. Источник: сообщение Надежды Черных (Бахметьевой)
Установка памятного креста. Фотография 2012 года. Источник: сообщение Надежды Черных (Бахметьевой)

The Ust-Mozharka settlement was set up in January 1933 as part of the Mozharka labour colony and came under the Olkhovskaya commandant of the Siblag directorate. The first forced settlers reached Ust-Mozharka in February that year and by June there were 153 families of dekulakized peasants (560 people) in the settlement. In July 1933 a further 536 people joined them. Epidemics of dysentery and typhus led to a high mortality. The men, women and children who died were buried in a cemetery 300 metres from the settlement. Their numbers are not known; a list of 18 names has been compiled from archival information.

In 1947 the unofficial agricultural cooperative was turned into the Chkalov collective farm and the special commandant’s office for the labour colonies was abolished. The forced settlers could only leave, however, after 1954. In the 1970s the settlement was closed; the graveyard was abandoned and taken over by the forest. Today Mozharka is being brought back to life by a community of the church of the “Last Testament” (followers of Vissarion).                          

On 6 July 2012 Nadezhda Chernykh (Bakhmetyeva) and Ivan Cheremisin, descendants of those sent to Mozharka, erected a memorial cross in the graveyard on Mount Badanka. The cross was made from a small tree trunk. The black marble plaque fixed to it reads: “In memory of our native village Ust-Mozharka, an OGPU labour colony of Siblag, 1933-1980 (approx.). Memory returns the past to us so that we may consider, mourn and understand what happened”.

Books of Remembrance

As well as providing information about those shot in the Region or sent to the camps, A Book in Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repression in the Krasnoyarsk Krai (13 vols. 2004-2014) devoted its most recent three volumes to dekulakization.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
1st Friday in July
Civil rites and Commemorative Services
former inhabitants of Mozharka
Annual event
Commemorative Services
From time to time
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
A few nameless grave-markers have survived; there are grave mounds and subsidence over mass burials
not determined
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Kuraginsky district administration
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

D. Kalyuga, “The bell of memory rings in my heart: activities of the Ust-Mozharka labour colony”, Kuraginskaya School No 1, Krasnoyarsk Memorial Society, 2006             

N. Nikulina, “The Ust-Mozharka labour colony”, Nikulin family website, 17 October 2011

Materials of the archive department of the Kuraginsky district administration

N.V. Leontyev, “The Mozharka labour colony”, The Minusink region martyrology, late 1920s to 1950s: Minusinsk museum of history and local studies

“Report by N. Chernykh”, Archive of RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)