Kresty ss* Deportees graveyard | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Kresty ss* Deportees graveyard



Date of burial
Show Map
Arkhangelsk Region, Verkhnetoemsky district, Sosnovy settlement
Access in a populated area
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Deportees’ graveyard
Current use
Burial ground and/or commemorative site
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Фотография 2010 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»
Фотография 2010 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»

The Kresty special settlement was set up in 1933 for dekulakized peasant families from Ukraine, Belorussia and southern parts of the USSR. In 1939 the inhabitants of the settlement were moved to the Staraya Baza special settlement and [in spring 1940] 320 families of Polish citizens deported from land occupied by the USSR were moved into the vacant barracks. Those who died were buried not far from the settlement in individual and common graves. The exact number buried there is unknown; a list of 70 Poles who died in Kresty has been compiled. In the 1950s and 1960s unidentified bodies were occasionally buried there. Later it fell into disuse.

In 2008 the cemetery was tidied up by pupils from the Soiginskoe school as part of the “I am a citizen of Russia” project (director O.V. Derevtsova). A commemorative cross was erected by the entrance to the cemetery. In October 2010, a former deportee Feliks Glinecki, working with the students and teachers of the Soiginskoe school and the Polish Consulate in St Petersburg created a symbolic common grave for Polish citizens who had died in other special settlements of the Verkhnetoemsky district. On 30 October 2010 a granite monument in memory of the Poles who fell victim to political repression was installed next to the entrance into the cemetery.

Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Characteristic subsidence over the burials
0.2 hectares
surrounded by a wooden fence
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Verkhnetoemsky municipal district. The cemetery and memorial are looked after by inhabitants of the Sosnovy settlement and Soiginskoe schoolchildren and teachers
Sources and bibliography

[ Original texts & hyperlinks ]

Polish deportees in the Arkhangelsk Region, a database compiled by the Information Centre of the region’s Internal Affairs department (REC Memorial, Moscow, 1997)

“The Poles have made a film about the victims of political repression”, Dvina Inform agency, 9 November 2010


“Graveyard at Kresty special settlement”, Virtual Museum of the Gulag [retrieved, 8 June 2022]

Reply from the Verkhnetoemsky municipal district administration (03 April 2014) to a formal enquiry by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)