Bonguda village [C] Soroklag burial ground | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Bonguda village [C] Soroklag burial ground



Date of burial
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Arkhangelsk Region, Onezhsky district, Bonguda settlement
Access outside a populated area
Private or specialised transport
On foot
3 kms along the Plesetsk-Onega Highway towards Onega. 50 metres before crossing the railway take the forest road towards the quarry
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Camp (prison) burial ground
Current use
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Фотография 2012 года. Предоставлена В.Пономаревым
Фотография 2012 года. Предоставлена В.Пономаревым

The Soroklag camps existed from 1938 to 1942. Prisoners of the 4th division were employed, building the railway branch line from Obozerskaya to Sorokskaya. The camp cemetery was located on Mount Glinorukha; it was here that those who died in infirmary No 1 were buried. The numbers buried in the cemetery have not been established.

In 1991, the cemetery was investigated by A.M. Krysanov, director of the Onega Museum and chairman of the town’s “Sovest” (conscience) society. About 400 burials were discovered on both sides of the forest road. In September 1992 members of the Sovest society put up a metal cross in the cemetery. In summer 1995 a boulder was installed at the junction between the railway and the main road bearing a plaque that reads, “To the victims of political repression”.

In 2011 and 2012 two individual memorials were placed next to the commemorative cross by relatives of the prisoners I.K. Botte (died 1941) and N.V. Cherkashin (died 1942). Today the burials of prisoners can only be located by characteristic subsidence of the soil.

Books of Remembrance

Information about some deceased Gulag inmates can be found in Memorial’s Victims of Political Terror database with its 3 million entries, or in the Open List database (“Victims of Political Repression in the USSR, 1917-1991”).

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
30 October
Remembrance Day for the Victims of Political Repression
Onezhsky and Pokrovskoe district administrations
Onezhskoe branch of Sovest organisation, Administration officials and members of the public
Annual Event
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
characteristic subsidence
not defined
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Porozhskoe municipal body, Onezhsky district. The inhabitants of Poroshskoe, including pupils from the Kokorinskoe middle school, care for the territory and the memorials
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

“The Gulag in Onega district”, In the North forum, 4 February 2012

“Solemn meeting on the Day of Commemoration of the Victims of Political Repression”, Website of Onezhsky municipal district administration, 31 October 2013

“Bonguda village. Soroklag prisoners’ cemetery”, Virtual Museum of the Gulag [retrieved, 27 May 2022]

Reply from the Onezhsky municipal district administration (№ 1673 of 02 April 2014) to a formal enquiry by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)