Yozhma (c)* Polish graves | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Yozhma (c)* Polish graves



Date of burial
Show Map
Arkhangelsk Region, Pinezhsky district, Yozhma settlement (non-existent)
Access outside a populated area
Private or specialised transport
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Deportees’ graveyard
Current use
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Фотография 2008 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»
Фотография 2008 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»

In March 1940 Polish citizens (63 families, 279 individuals) deported from land occupied by the USSR arrived in Yozhma. The first inhabitants of the special settlement, dekulakized peasant families, were moved to other forested areas of the Pinezhsky district.

The cemetery was 300 metres from the settlement. The Poles were buried in individual graves surmounted by crosses and nameplates. Burials continued into 1942. Thereafter the cemetery was not used. The exact number buried here is unknown. Names of 15 who died in 1940-1942 have been established.

The graveyard was discovered in 1989-1990 by local historian G.A. Danilova. In 2008 it was investigated by an expedition organised by the Polish Consulate in Saint Petersburg. Nine crosses are still standing in the graveyard and fragments of 11 others have been found. There are barely legible inscriptions on four of the crosses. In 2011 a youth group from Cracow raised a commemorative cross here bearing the words “1940-2011: Cmentarz polski / Polish cemetery”.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
Requiem masses according to the Catholic rite
from time to time
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Grave mounds visible
0.35 hectares
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Pinezhsky district
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

V. Koshkina, “For whom the bell tolls”, Pinezhe, 13 March 1999

G.A. Danilova, “The Polish cemetery in Yozhma”, The Pinega settlement and its surroundings, Arkhangelsk, 2008


“Polish graveyard in Yozhma special settlement”, Virtual Museum of the Gulag [retrieved, 28 May 2022]