Soz ss (c) Graves of forced settlers & deportees | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

Soz ss (c) Graves of forced settlers & deportees



Date of burial
Show Map
Kirov Region, Nagorsky district, Soz settlement (uninhabited)
Access outside a populated area
Private or specialised transport
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Deportees’ graveyard
Current use
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Фотография 1991 года. Источник: Архив Удмуртского Республиканского краеведческого музея
Фотография 1991 года. Источник: Архив Удмуртского Республиканского краеведческого музея

Special settlement No 4 (Soz) was built 28 kms from the mouth of the river Soz by forced settlers from Udmurtia in spring 1930. Dekulakized peasant families from the Volga region were sent there during the 1930s and then deported Estonians. After 1942 the majority of forced settlers moved out of Soz to other population centres in the district. In 1944, exiled inhabitants of the Volyn Region in West Ukraine took over the empty houses.

The settlement ceased to exist in 1990. The graveyard is located in the woods 400 metres from the former settlement. The number of forced settlers buried here has not been established, lists of names are not available.

Books of Remembrance

In addition to entries on 17,000 who were shot or sent to the Gulag, A Book in Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repression (6 vols. 2000-2004) includes biographical entries on 8,800 who were dekulakized in the early 1930s or deported later.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
Civil ceremonies
From time to time
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Crosses and fences around some of the graves have survived in one part of the graveyard. Relatives living in nearby villages take care of some of the surviving graves.
Not defined
Not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Nagorsky district administration.
Sources and bibliography

[ Original texts & hyperlinks ]

A.V. Zelentsova, “A trip to the Nagorsky district, Kirov Region, to investigate the subject of forced settlers” (1991), K. Gerd Museum of the Udmurtian Republic (Izhevsk)