TOMSK Burial of executed** at Mount Kashtak | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

TOMSK Burial of executed** at Mount Kashtak



Date of burial
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Tomsk Region, Tomsk, Strashny ravine (Krutovrazhny settlement)
Access in a populated area
Public transport
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Secret interment of executed
Current use
Burial ground and/or commemorative site
Cultural and/or educational purposes
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Regional / Republican
Фотография 2005 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»
Фотография 2005 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»

Among the places in Tomsk where those executed were buried in the 1920s-1940s were the ravines on Mount Kashtak. Historian B.P. Trenin has evidence that almost all those shot in the city during the Great Terror (1937-1938; a total of some 9,000 people) were buried there. In 1951 the old city cemetery was shut down and new buildings of the Sibkabel factory followed by apartment blocks were built there.

In the 1950s to 1970s the majority of burials were destroyed as the area was cleared for construction. The builders repeatedly came across human remains and disposed of them on the instructions of the Tomsk Region KGB. In 1989 members of the Tomsk Memorial Society carried out a test excavation in part of a ravine on Mount Kashtak. In 1995 they passed to the Tomsk prosecutor’s office the most recent remains tossed aside by the builders. Forensic examination confirmed that they belonged to the bodies of people shot in the latter half of the 1930s. The prosecutor gave his approval for their reburial in 2002 and on 20 December that year they were buried in a common grave in the Baktin cemetery [70-01].

In 2001 the city authorities decided to create a memorial complex on the southern tip of Mount Kashtak. A 9-metres-high commemorative cross on a granite pedestal (designed by O. Leshchiner) was unveiled and consecrated on 9 February 2003. A granite plaque at its foot reads, “May the unjustly slain be remembered forever”. In 2011 work began on the Tomsk Golgotha church complex on Mount Kashtak.


On 17 December 2017 Metropolitan Rostislav of Tomsk and Asinovo consecrated the temporary wooden church of Russia’s New Martyrs and Confessors which forms part of the complex.

Books of Remembrance

Human Suffering: A Book in Remembrance of those from the Tomsk Region who were Repressed in the 1930s, 1940s and early 1950s (5 vols. 1991-1999) contains 20,800 biographical entries on those who were shot or sent to the Gulag. The Memorial database lists almost 10,000 who were shot in the Tomsk Region during the Great Terror.

Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
have not survived
not determined
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Tomsk City Administration. A newly discovered site of cultural heritage – minute of the meeting of the expert commission on 29 May 2007, convened by the Tomsk Region department of culture
Sources and bibliography

[ Original texts & hyperlinks ]

Nineteen Thirty-Seven …: A collection of documents and materials, B.P. Trenin (ed), Tomsk: Tomsk University and Memorial Society, 1998 (372 pp)

The NKVD interrogation centre, archive of Tomsk memorial museum of the history of political repression

“The first service has taken place in the Orthodox church on Mount Kashtak”,, city portal, 17 December 2017 [retrieved, 29 May 2022]


Reply from Tomsk Region department for information & public relations (№ 17-293 of 13 May 2014) to a formal enquiry by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)