BARNAUL cemetery* Reburials | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

BARNAUL cemetery* Reburials



Date of burial
1923, 1930s-1950s
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Altai Krai, Barnaul, 288 Chernyshevsky Street
Access in a populated area
Public transport
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Visiting hours
Type of burial
Deportees’ graveyard
Current use
Burial ground and/or commemorative site
Cultural and/or educational purposes
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Regional / Republican
Фотография 2011 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»
Фотография 2011 года. Источник: Архив НИЦ «Мемориал»

The Bulyginskoe cemetery was opened in the early 19th century in the centre of Barnaul in the strip of woodland along the Pivovarka River. It goes under other names – the old city cemetery, Bulyginskoe or Kirovskoe after the Bulygin (or Kirov) settlement near which it is located.

During the 1941-1944 war Red Army soldiers who died in Barnaul’s military hospitals were buried here. In the 1940s and 1950s representatives of various nationalities exiled to the Altai Krai were also buried in the cemetery. In 1994 a monument was erected to the Kalmyks who died in exile in Barnaul: “Here lie Kalmyks who died in the 1940s and 1950s”, read the plaques, “from the Kalmyk nation and the inhabitants of Altai and Barnaul”. In December 2009 the remains of those executed in 1923 [22-04] were reburied in a common grave and a commemorative cross was erected there with the inscription, “The innocent victims of a fratricidal war”.

The voluntary youth brigade “Kindly Planet” conduct tours around the cemetery, restoring the lost information about the burials, preserve the monuments and have created a photo album describing the necropolis.

Books of Remembrance

Victims of Political Repression in the Altai Krai (7 vols. 1998-2005) includes biographical entries on 46,200 individuals who were executed or sent to the camps between 1919 and 1965.

A Book in Remembrance of the Kalmyk Nation’s Deportation (3 vols. 12 books: 1993-2004) covers the years from 1944 to 1957. It consists of three volumes: 1. Deportation; 2. Life in Exile; and 3. Work, War and Return.

Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
Individual burials have been partially preserved, the area of reburial is in good condition
52 hectares
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Barnaul City Administration. Registered as a monument of regional historic and cultural significance (decree No 169 of 28 December 1994, Altai Krai Legislative Assembly). The various memorials are looked after by a volunteer youth group which cares for the graveyard as a whole.