NIZHNY NOVGOROD Pochainsky Ravine [C]* Red Terror executions & burials | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

NIZHNY NOVGOROD Pochainsky Ravine [C]* Red Terror executions & burials



Date of burial
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Nizhny-Novgorod Region, Nizhny Novgorod, Architect Kharitonov Street
Access in a populated area
Public transport
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
Type of burial
Secret interment of executed
Current use
Cultural and/or educational purposes
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Фотография 2004 года. Источник:
Фотография 2004 года. Источник:

During the Red Terror one place where hostages were shot in Nizhny Novgorod was the edge of the Pochainsky Ravine, which was adjacent to city Cheka building. The bodies of the executed were buried where they were shot or taken to the Mochalny Island in the Volga. It is not known how many were buried in the ravine between 1918 and 1922.

In 2002 a wooden cross in memory of those shot was erected on the edge of the Pochainsky Ravine. Soon unidentified persons took it down. On 5 September 2004 the Nizhny Novgorod Memorial society successfully erected a new cross with the inscription: “Here in the Pochainsky Ravine citizens of Nizhny Novgorod were shot and buried, victims of the Communist terror”. In 2005 the cross was again dismantled.

On 30 October 2017, thanks to the activists S. Novikov and S. Dmitrievsky, a new cross was erected. It bears these words on its plaque: “In memory of the citizens of Nizhny Novgorod who were shot by the Cheka in the Pochainsky Ravine during the Red Terror”.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
5 September
Remembrance Day for the Victims of the Red Terror
Commission for Restoration of the Rights of Rehabilitated Victims of Political Repression, Memorial society and Nizhny Novgorod human rights association
city residents, clergy
Annual Event
Commemorative Services
From time to time
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
have not survived
not determined
not delineated
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Nizhny Novgorod City Administration
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

I.M. Favorskaya, “Activities to restore the rights and immortalize the memory of inhabitants of Nizhny Novgorod who were victims of political repression”, Materials of the educational and scholarly conference on Political Repression in the Nizhny Novgorod region: Marking 20 years since the government established the Day in Commemoration of the Victims of Political Repression, Nizhny Novgorod, 2012

“Rights activists detained for restoring the cross at the Pochainsky Ravine”,, 30 October 2017 [retrieved, 28 May 2022]


Reply by the Nizhny Novgorod City department for culture (№ 18-495/14-ns of 08 May 2014) to a formal enquiry by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)