TVER regional NKVD headquarters {C}* Execution site | Russia's Necropolis of Terror and the Gulag

TVER regional NKVD headquarters {C}* Execution site



Date of burial
Show Map
Tver Region, Tver, 4 Sovetskaya Street
Access in a populated area
Public transport
Private or specialised transport
On foot
Visiting Hours or Restrictions
By agreement only
Entry to Medical Academy by pass
Type of burial
Secret interment of executed
Current use
Commercial use
Ceremonial events
Presence of memorials, etc.
Protected status
Not protected
Inner courtyard of Academy (photo from official website) -
Inner courtyard of Academy (photo from official website) -

Between 1935 and 1953 the NKVD / MGB Department for the Kalinin (Tver) Region was accommodated at 4 Sovetskaya Street. The organisation’s inner prison was also located there, and it has been established that mass executions took place in the basement. According to figures provided by V.A. Basayev, sub-department head of the Tver Region FSB, approximately 5,000 death sentences were carried out there during the Great Terror (1937-1938).

A little later, more than 6,000 Polish POWs, brought in groups from the Ostashkovo camp, were shot in the inner prison between 5 April and 21 May 1940. The bodies were then transported for burial near the village of Mednoe [69-04] and in the Volynskoe graveyard [69-02]. About one hundred of those executed were buried in the building itself. From the mid-1950s to the present, the building has been the main block of the Tver State Medical Academy. During the construction of a new block in the 1970s, human remains were uncovered. Their subsequent fate is unknown.

In 1991, in response to a proposal from the Tver branch of Memorial Society, the city administration paid for a memorial plaque to be attached to the façade of the building. The inscription reads, “In memory of the tormented …” In 1992, the Polish Katyn society added a second memorial plaque in memory of the Polish POWs shot in Kalinin (Tver) in April-May 1940.


In 2020, the plaques dedicated to “Soviet citizens held and tortured by the NKVD in the 1930s-1950s” and to “Polish POWs executed in the building in 1940” were removed. First attached to the building in 1991-1992, to one side of the main entrance, they can be clearly seen in the 2012 photo of the building’s facade (above).

Books of Remembrance

A Book in Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repression of the Kalinin Region (4 vols. 2000-2015) includes biographical entries on 9,400 Soviet citizens who were shot or sent to the camps.

DateNature of ceremoniesOrganiser or responsible personParticipantsFrequency
2 September
Day of Remembrance and Sorrow (commemorating Soviet citizens and Polish POWs shot in 1930s and 1940s)
Tver City administration and delegation of Polish Ministry of Defence
inhabitants of Tver, city officials, delegation of Polish Ministry of Defence
Annual event
30 October
Remembrance Day for the Victims of Political Repression
Tver City administration
Inhabitants of Tver, city officials
Annual event
Nature of area requiring preservation
State of burialsAreaBoundaries
have not survived
not determined
limited to the courtyard between 4 Soviet Street and 1 Ivan Sedykh Street
Administrative responsibility and ownership, informal responsibility for the site
On land under the control of the Tver City Administration. The Academy of Medicine’s old building (pre-revolutionary gymnasium) at No 4 Soviet Street has been listed as an architectural monument of regional significance
Sources and bibliography

[ original texts and hyperlinks ]

“Findings of the work by Tver Region FSK and the regional prosecutor’s office to locate mass burials of the victims of political repression (Tver Region FSB archive, 9 February 1995)”, From the Cheka to the FSB: A collection of documents and materials on the history of the State security services in the Tver region, Tver, 1998

Katyn, March 1940-September 2000 – Shooting, The fate of the living, The echo of Katyn: Documents, N.S. Lebedeva (compiler), Moscow, 2001 (688 pp)

V.A. Basayev, “Everyone needs to remember the unjustly executed”, Book of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repression in the Kalinin [Tver] Region, Vol. 1, 2001

Along the Paths of Memory: A guide to places in Tver and the Tver Region linked with repressive political measures in the 1930s and 1940s, Tver, 2009 (28 pp)

“4 Soviet Street, high school [gymnasium] for boys”, The streets of Tver

“The memorial plaque ‘In memory of the tortured …’ at the Kalinin Region NKVD-MGB building in Tver“, Virtual Museum of the Gulag [retrieved, 29 May 2022]

“The former Kalinin Region NKVD building in Tver”, Virtual Museum of the Gulag [retrieved, 29 May 2022]


Reply by the Tver City Administration (№ 02/2730 of 21 May 2014) to a formal enquiry by RIC Memorial (St Petersburg)

“In Tver commemorative plaques have been removed”, Radio Liberty, 7 May 2020 [retrieved 27 October 2023]